History Meme (not really): MY FAVORITE - Alexander the Great

Alexander was born in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia on July 20th, 356 BC. His parents were Philip II of Macedon and his wife Olympias. Alexander was educated by the philosopher Aristotle. Philip was assassinated in 336 BC and Alexander inherited a powerful yet volatile kingdom. He quickly dealt with his enemies at home and reasserted Macedonian power within Greece. He then set out to conquer the massive Persian Empire.

Against overwhelming odds, he led his army to victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without suffering a single defeat. His greatest victory was at the Battle of Gaugamela, in what is now northern Iraq, in 331 BC. The young king of Macedonia, leader of the Greeks, overlord of Asia Minor and pharaoh of Egypt became ‘great king’ of Persia at the age of 25.

Over the next eight years, in his capacity as king, commander, politician, scholar and explorer, Alexander led his army a further 11,000 miles, founding over 70 cities and creating an empire that stretched across three continents and covered around two million square miles. The entire area from Greece in the west, north to the Danube, south into Egypt and as far to the east as the Indian Punjab, was linked together in a vast international network of trade and commerce. This was united by a common Greek language and culture, while the king himself adopted foreign customs in order to rule his millions of ethnically diverse subjects.

Alexander was acknowledged as a military genius who always led by example, although his belief in his own indestructibility meant he was often reckless with his own life and those of his soldiers. The fact that his army only refused to follow him once in 13 years of a reign during which there was constant fighting, indicates the loyalty he inspired.

He died of a fever in Babylon in June 323 BC.


  1. flamingrubberduckie reblogged this from andersons-sherlock-club
  2. andersons-sherlock-club reblogged this from colinmorgs
  3. jurassicturtle reblogged this from colinmorgs
  4. laetitia0726 reblogged this from colinmorgs
  5. crikeyoctopodes reblogged this from nextstopnarnia
  6. nextstopnarnia reblogged this from colinmorgs
  7. damnbitchisnotevenaboutyou reblogged this from mortisia
  8. eurongayboy reblogged this from colinmorgs
  9. the-platypus-princess reblogged this from hellsing4ever
  10. punchlineloser reblogged this from mortisia
  11. littlemisspanchan reblogged this from mortisia
  12. hellsing4ever reblogged this from mortisia
  13. moritzstiefeldoesntdosadness reblogged this from yoho-ahoy
  14. darksideofthesoon reblogged this from veinsofglass
  15. yoho-ahoy reblogged this from mortisia
  16. traipsingtheergosphere reblogged this from veinsofglass
  17. resplendent-decadence reblogged this from veinsofglass
  18. veinsofglass reblogged this from mortisia
  19. miss-phengophobia reblogged this from mortisia
  20. a-spy-sent-to-kill reblogged this from mortisia
  21. the-gothic-lifestyle reblogged this from mortisia
  22. mortisia reblogged this from byronofrochdale
  23. almadesvairada reblogged this from colinmorgs
  24. solvereuniversi reblogged this from colinmorgs
  25. jharatac reblogged this from colinmorgs
  26. museologist-inside reblogged this from colinmorgs
  27. jackwolfe15 reblogged this from coldgreyknight
  28. sammartinos reblogged this from coldgreyknight
  29. coldgreyknight reblogged this from colinmorgs
  30. angiikay reblogged this from deadcoolkids
  31. deadcoolkids reblogged this from thestagstannis
  32. thestagstannis reblogged this from colinmorgs